Somaliland declared independence in 1991 after the military dictator of Somalia, Siad Barre, was overthrown. Following this act, there was great conflict that led to the death of thousands of civilians. Although Somaliland is not recognized as an independent country by the international world, it has been operating as one, with it’s own political system, currency, and established government. The majority of the population is Muslim, with a small portion following a different religion.
Somaliland has a flourishing private business sector, but is struggling in other areas, as many citizens are unemployed and living in poverty. Furthermore, six consecutive seasons of drought in Somaliland have led to water scarcity, depleted grazing land for animals, the death of numerous livestock, and widespread hunger. Drought is especially damaging to the pastoralist way of life, as the lack of water and grazing land endangers the health of animals. These sickly animals sell for a low-price in the markets, which results in lower incomes for families and less opportunities to purchase food and overcome the current food crisis.This is especially significant since Somaliland is so dependent on livestock trade, as it is their main export and source of revenue.
In partnership with World Concern, World Renew is implementing a three-year Canadian Foodgrains Bank project to strengthen livestock-based livelihoods and increase the resilience of households that are experiencing recurrent crises and shocks due to drought. In total, there are 2,500 pastoralists households participating in this program. Focusing on actions to increase food consumption levels, improve livestock health, and better the use of natural resources in the area, the program will help provide a more stable source of income and food for families who have been suffering from these issues.